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On December 28, 1918, Irish rebel and then-inmate Constance Markievicz was elected to the British Parliament as its first female Member.

Markievicz took part in the 1916 Easter Uprising against the British, and had been sentenced to death – which was commuted to life imprisonment in consideration of her gender. She was pardoned as part of a general amnesty, but imprisoned again in 1918 for anti-conscription activities. While in jail, she was elected as MP for Dublin St Patrick’s, though even after being released from jail she, and other Sinn Fein MPs, did not take their seat. Instead, they formed their own Irish revolutionary government, in which Markievicz held a cabinet position – one of the first women in the world to do so. She left the government in protest over the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1922, and died in 1927.

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